MA in Japanese, MSc in Applied Social Studies, DPhil in Japanese Literature, DLitt (all University of Oxford).
Early modern history of East Asia
History of East Asia, Japanese language and literature
Hiking, ski-ing, travel, languages
Fellow of the British Academy (2000); member of Accademia Ambrosiana (Milan) (2011); Honorary Fellow, Lincoln College, Oxford (2004); Japan Foundation Special Prize (1992); Yamagata Banto Prize (2013); The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon (2017)